Saturday, May 14, 2011

THOUGHT FOR FOOD - Hints - Handy Substitutions



SOME SUBSTITUTIONS

Rather than being driven mad about not having an ingredient needed for a recipe, try these substitutes....courtesy of the Crisco Kitchen website.
Here's the link:  http://www.crisco.com/Cooking_Central/Cooking_Basics/Substitution_Table

Allspice 1 teaspoon =     1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon + 1/2 teaspoon ground cloves
+ pinch of ground nutmeg (optional)

Apple pie spice1 teaspoon
=     1/2 teaspoon cinnamon + 1/4 teaspoon nutmeg
+ 1/8 teaspoon ground allspice + 1/8 teaspoon cardamom

Baking powder 1 teaspoon =     1/4 teaspoon baking soda + 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar
+ ¼ teaspoon cornstarch

Broth, beef or chicken 1 cup     = 1 teaspoon beef or chicken base, instant bouillon granules
or 1 bouillon cube dissolved in 1 cup boiling water

Butter   1/4 cup  = 1/4 cup Crisco Regular or Butter Flavor Shortening + 1-1/2 teaspoons water
            1/3 cup  = 1/3 cup Crisco Regular or Butter Flavor Shortening + 2 teaspoons water
            1/2 cup  = 1/2 cup Crisco Regular or Butter Flavor Shortening + 1 tablespoon water
            2/3 cup  = 2/3 cup Crisco Regular or Butter Flavor Shortening + 4 teaspoons water
            3/4 cup  = 3/4 cup Crisco Regular or Butter Flavor Shortening + 1-1/2 tablespoons water
            1 cup     = 1 cup Crisco Regular or Butter Flavor Shortening + 2 tablespoons water

Buttermilk 1 cup = 1 cup plain yogurt OR 1 cup minus 1 tablespoon milk +
1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar

Catsup 1 cup
    = 1 cup tomato sauce + 1/4 cup sugar + 3 tablespoons apple cider vinegar
+ 1/2 teaspoon salt + pinch of ground cloves

Cornstarch 1 tablespoon
  =  2 tablespoons all-purpose flour

Cream OR half-and-half 1 cup
  = 1/2 cup light or coffee cream (20% butterfat) + ½ cup whole milk

Cake Flour 1 cup sifted
  = 1 cup minus 3 tablespoons sifted all-purpose flour + 3 tablespoons cornstarch

Garlic 1 clove = 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder OR 1/2 teaspoon jarred minced garlic

Ginger Root, fresh ginger 1 tablespoon (minced or grated)
  =     1/8 teaspoon powdered ginger

Herbs, fresh 1 tablespoon
  =     1 teaspoon dried herbs or ¼ to ½ teaspoon ground or powdered

Lemon juice, fresh 1 teaspoon =  1 teaspoon bottled or frozen lemon juice

Mushrooms, fresh 8 ounces  =  1 4-ounce can sliced mushrooms, drained

Mustard, powdered 1 teaspoon
  =  1 tablespoon prepared mustard

Onion, fresh 1 small    =  1/3 cup instant minced onion

Onion powder   1 tablespoon     =  1/2 cup chopped fresh onion or ¾ to 1 teaspoon onion salt
(reduce salt in recipe by ½ to 1 teaspoon)

Orange, sweet 1 medium
= 1/3-1/2 cup orange juice

Pimento 2 tablespoons chopped
=  2 to 3 tablespoons chopped fresh red bell pepper

Pumpkin pie spice 1 teaspoon =  1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon + 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
+ 1/4 teaspoon ground ginger + pinch ground cloves

Sour cream 1 cup
=  1 cup plain yogurt OR 1 cup evaporated milk or whole milk
+ 1 tablespoon vinegar or lemon juice

Sugar, dark brown 1 cup packed
= 1 cup packed light brown sugar + 1 tablespoon molasses

Sugar, granulated 1 cup  = 1 3/4 cup unsifted powdered sugar (baked goods may be less crisp)
OR 1 cup packed brown sugar (baked goods will be more moist and chewy)

Tomatoes, fresh 1 pound = 1 ½ cups or 16-ounce can whole tomatoes

Yogurt, plain   1 cup     = 1 cup sour cream OR 1 cup buttermilk


If you find any other substitutes, please feel free to pass them on! 
Enjoy!

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